Student Initiative for 
Open Science 

February 2021 Newsletter

New from us!

The Open Science Slack Channel 
We are excited to announce that SIOS has launched an Open Science Slack Channel! We have 3 main channels: discussions, resources, and questions. With this we aim to make open science discussions, news, and resources more accessible to our fellow students. But we also wanted to include you: using our Q&A channel, you can ask us any open science related questions. And of course we have a 4th channel dedicated to random things (mainly memes at this point). 
The Good, The Bad, & The Preprint
Preprints allow researchers to publish their newest discoveries instantly, making them available to everyone - without waiting around for a lengthy peer review process. However, the practice of treating a preprint the same as their peer-reviewed counterparts can introduce some problems - making their use a controversial open science practice. For more on the good, the bad, and the preprint - check out our blog post!
How to do a Power Analysis - with Dan Quintana 
Here at the UvA, thesis and internship students are starting to put together their proposals for this year's research projects. An important part of this process is (of course) the power analysis! If your stuck or unsure of where to start - join us on February 12th 15:00-16:00 CET for Dan Quintana's power analysis lecture! He will cover why sufficient power is important for your project, and how to conduct a statistical power analysis. Click here for registration!
An Interview with JEPS
The Journal of European Psychology Students (JEPS) is a peer-reviewed journal that has been publishing the articles written by psychology students and promoting open science since 2009. JEPS is a student-run, open-access journal that helps psychology students gain publishing experience and advance their careers. For details on how you can publish your research in JEPS and how JEPS is implementing open science practices - check out the interview here!
Upcoming Open Science Events 
Introduction to Network Analysis in R
10 February 18.30 - 19.30
In this workshop, Jill de Ron (PhD candidate at the University of Amsterdam) will teach you how to estimate, interpret, and analyze psychological network models. 
Open Science Festival
11 February 09.00 - 17.00
The Netherlands National Open Science Festival is an annual event where you can discuss the benefits of open science practices with experts and peers. This year, sessions will include the importance of data pre-processing, a comprehensive overview of FAIR software, and how to publish an open access book. 
Open Science Conference 
17-19 February
The Open Science Conference is an annual conference by the Leibniz Research Open Science Alliance provides a forum for researchers, librarians, practitioners, infrastructure providers, policy makers, and other important stakeholders to discuss the latest and future developments in open science. This year’s conference will focus on the impact of global crises on open research practices and science communication.
Data and Code Reproducibility Workshop
25-26 February
The Department of Statistical Sciences at the University of Toronto is hosting a two-day conference to help participants from both the academic and private sector make their code and data open-access and reproducible. 
Open Science News
by Lukas Gunschera
Covid-19 & Accelerated Science
Over the past few months, we have witnessed the approval of several COVID-19 vaccines. What seems to be a long-awaited necessity is a record-breaking achievement in science (1). On average, vaccines take over a decade to develop and no vaccine had ever been approved in less than four years (2). This achievement led us to consider important contributing factors. Among them collaboration and open access (345), signified early on by Chinese scientists who published the genetic sequence of the virus on a publicly available website (here). Scientists followed in their footsteps with 97.4% of publications being freely available, open access is considered a major driver of the fight against COVID (6). Natalie Dean, a biostatistician at the University of Florida in Gainesville, concluded that the speed of advance “challenges our whole paradigm of what is possible in vaccine development” (2). We do believe that this message may well extend beyond the field of biomedicine and be relevant to science as a whole.

What are the key takeaways for the way science is to be done? Collaboration and open research allow for more efficient allocation of resources (78). Without doubt, the corona crisis freed up far more resources than usual, nevertheless, certain principles and strategies were employed to make more efficient use of those resources. The value of open communication for the progress of science becomes clear in initiatives that fostered the communication of results rather than harbouring data over extended periods for some future publication (9). This is exemplified in a statement of Dr Ryan Carroll, a Harvard medical professor, who pointed out that the primary goal is to advance society, rather than one’s career (9). Open communication of findings made research on COVID-19 more efficient and researchers were able to base their efforts on the ongoing ones of others. Likewise, it has been reported that different initiatives did well at complimenting each other and going into different directions. All in all, the development and approval of several vaccines in less than a year is an outstanding achievement and shines a bright light of the possibilities within the scientific community. How COVID-19 has accelerated open and collaborative research is an inspiration and paves the way for more efficient science and the report of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) concludes that “these developments could speed the transition to a more open science and innovation in the longer run” (10).
Unopen & Unlawful
Earlier in January thousands of PhD disserations were cleared from the freely available thesis repository of the Durham University. To the outrage of many scholars, these theses had been uploaded to the Amazon Kindle service without permission of the authors. These acts were deemed as “unlawful” and previously freely available disserations were now being sold for as much as £9.99. By now, the entries have been removed and the Durham University has put out an official statement. For the entire report and an interview with a scholar from Durham University - click here
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