Research suggests that there may be a gut microbiota signature to detect NAFLD-cirrhosis. By analysing the gut microbiota of subjects with NAFLD, 27 bacterial features were identified as important markers for determining disease progression.
To understand the impact of long-duration spaceflight on human health, one identical twin was sent into space whilst his twin served as a ground control. A number of outcomes were measured throughout the study, including changes to the microbiome.
Comparison of faecal samples from 9 different primate species and 4 human groups reveals striking similarities between phylogenetically distant groups, which is likely attributed to the composition of their diets.