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Research Connections Updates
Critical Topics
Monthly Spotlight
Other Featured Resources

This edition of Research Connections News & Resources highlights the following research: an overview of U.S. home-based child care policies, how access to high-quality summer learning programs affects child development, predictors of legislative success in child care and early education (CCEE) policies, distributing funds to support child care sustainability, and the relationship between more years of preschool and kindergarten readiness.
Research Connections Updates
Coming soon: The Research Connections website is getting a makeover! A new, user-friendly design will streamline access to our extensive library of CCEE publications. The new website will launch in June and the URL will remain the same.
Critical Topics
The Research Connections library has identified resources on key topic areas for you! Use these links to explore publications in our library on these critical child care and early education topics: families in urban/rural areas; workforce wages, compensation, and benefits; and coordination and integration of services.

Have another topic you're interested in? Browse our collection by topic.
Monthly Spotlight

Promising Practices in Policy for Home-Based Child Care: A National Policy Scan

This report provides an overview of policies related to home-based child care (HBCC) across all 50 states and the District of Columbia. It covers policies related to state definitions and regulations, licensing and subsidy, external systems, quality rating and improvement systems, and funding. The report also highlights changes to HBCC policies made because of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic.

Other Featured Resources
Summer Learning in Early Childhood: Opportunities for Investing in Equity
This MDRC brief discusses how inequitable access to high-quality summer learning programs can lead to further disparities among disadvantaged children. The brief covers the barriers to access that families face and how access to high-quality programs can affect child development and kindergarten readiness.
What Predicts Legislative Success of Early Care and Education Policies?: Applications of Machine Learning and Natural Language Processing in A Cross-State Early Childhood Policy Analysis
This publicly available study analyzes whether or not the policy topic or the relative effectiveness of a bill’s sponsor are predictors of legislative success in state-level ECE policies. The study draws from recent (2015–2018) ECE bills in all 50 states.
Promoting Sustainability of Child Care Programs During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Considerations for States in Allocating Financial Resources
This November 2020 paper discusses the structure of child care costs and revenues and how the changes in regulation and demand associated with the COVID-19 pandemic have affected them. The paper also offers key considerations for distributing funds to support child care sustainability.

Two Years Vs. One: The Relationship Between Dosage of Programming and Kindergarten Readiness
This study examines the effects of an additional year of preschool on kindergarten readiness. Results indicate that children who attend 2 years of pre-k are more likely to make a successful transition to kindergarten compared to their peers who attend only 1 year of pre-k. Study results also indicate that Black students experience a greater benefit from an additional year of pre-k.

Funding Opportunities

African American Child and Family Research Center
The Administration for Children and Families (ACF) is now accepting applications for a NEW 2021 Funding Opportunity titled “African American Child and Family Research Center”!   This grant program will lead and support research on the needs of African American populations served by ACF and promising approaches to promote social and economic well-being among low-income African American populations. This Center will ideally address a range of relevant issues including, but not limited to, the following: a) definition and measurement of the experiences of African American individuals, families, and communities; b) identification of barriers and facilitators of human service utilization by African American populations; c) examination of strategies to promote the social and economic well-being of African American children and families; and d) evaluation of promising approaches for serving African American populations.

Head Start University Partnerships: Building the Evidence Base for ECE Workforce Well-Being
This OPRE funding opportunity aims to support projects that will contribute to the knowledge base regarding the individual, program, and community factors that promote the well-being of Head Start and/or Early Head Start education staff (i.e., teachers and assistant teachers). Projects must be led by researchers working in partnership with one or more Head Start programs. Together, they will identify and evaluate promising approaches to improving education staff well-being that are supported by existing research and evidence-based theory of change models.
Due Date for Letter of Intent: June 4, 2021
Due Date for Applications: July 6, 2021
Request for Information

Methods and Leading Practices for Advancing Equity and Support for Underserved Communities Through Government
The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) recently released a Request for Information (RFI) as part of its implementation of Executive Order #13985, Advancing Racial Equity and Support for Underserved Communities Through the Federal Government. This RFI covers a variety of topics, and seeks opportunities and ideas for assisting agencies in conducting agency equity assessments, as well as overall implementation of the Executive Order. The RFI will be open for 60 days, and OMB hopes to hear and learn from a range of voices and perspectives. The link for the RFI, as well as the direct link on are included below. Please share with colleagues and networks who may be interested.
Federal Register Page:  
Direct Link to
Webinar Series on the 2012 and 2019 National Survey of Early Care and Education (NSECE) Data Sets
Join OPRE for the third in a series of three webinars, which provide information about the 2012 and 2019 archived NSECE data sets. The webinars share strategies for how to: review documentation to ensure comparability of measures; choose the statistical measures (e.g., mean vs median); handle both discrete and continuous variables; use design variables to construct design-corrected standard errors; set up significance tests; and access the data.
The webinar will be held on Tuesday May 25, 2021, 1-2 PM EDT. Register here.
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Until March 30, 2019, Research Connections was supported under grant #90YE0104 from the Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation (OPRE), Administration for Children and Families (ACF), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). Research Connections is now supported by contract #HHSP233201500071I from OPRE, ACF, HHS. The contents do not necessarily represent the views of OPRE, ACF, or HHS. 

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