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In Focus
Enhancing Climate Resilience by Integrating Climate Actions into Development Plans

Incorporating climate actions into development plans is essential. It helps ensure hard-won development gains are not undermined and that future development interventions are resilient in the face of a changing climate. The Secretariat of Global Covenant of Mayors for Southeast Asia sub-region (GCoM SEA) complies with GCoM Common Reporting Framework that requires cities to create Climate Action Plan (CAP). GCoM SEA/IUC Asia Helpdesk assists cities throughout the process: developing the GHG inventory, assessing climate risks and vulnerability, defining mitigation targets and adaptation goals, to creating climate action plan.

After beginning the CAP preparation with GHG emissions inventories and mapping out the jurisdiction’s emissions profile, the ideal next step is addressing the need for integrating climate change adaptation considerations into the city development plan agenda. However, efforts to mainstream climate change adaptation into regional development planning are still at a relatively early stage in cities across Indonesia, including the GCoM SEA Indonesian pilot cities. GCoM SEA/IUC Asia emphasises the importance of this synergy and synchronisation between development and climate plans and therefore, aims to facilitate a meticulous approach, setting forth multistakeholderism, through capacity building. GCoM SEA introduces a four-step process to Indonesian cities in mainstreaming climate change into development plans, which consists of :
  1. Climate Risk and Vulnerability Assessment (CRVA): utilising an online tool developed by the Ministry of Environment and Forestry of Indonesia, SIDIK, to identify the most vulnerable areas, sectors, and community groups to make further improvement.
  2. Tagging: an identification to determine priority actions that is given to existing development strategies and local actions that address the urban planning issues and positively contribute to climate-related actions.
  3. Bring together and analyse results of CRVA and Tagging to identify possible adaptation measures that address the 4W+1H: WHAT (the possible measures), WHERE (the geographical location), WHEN (time of implementation considering financing availability and urgency level), WHO (implementing sector), HOW (monitoring method).
  4. Reorientation and cross-sectoral coordination to recalibrate, synchronise, and synergise climate city adaptation and mitigation programmes through Measurement, Reporting, and Verification (MRV) efforts.
Cities would be equipped with a framework to conduct quantitative calculation for Tagging (Step 2) within the capacity building sessions. In the context of Indonesia, this step requires a city to run an extensive collaborative discussion as it involves numerous city agencies to determine the degree of contribution of each strategy and action of each sector.

The framework will help city officials to clearly classify each action based on the type of its contribution: to tackle vulnerability (vertical) or to handle development (horizontal) and based on its degree of contribution: low to high. It is the confluence of these axes (the red shade) that will help city officials to classify high (H) and very high (VH) impact actions to be prioritised and incorporated into the local development plan. The information is very useful for cities to design both short and long-term climate development strategy, that are participative, inclusive, and precisely addressing urgent climate pain points.

One of the implementation of the initiative above is a virtual capacity-building session with two Indonesian IUC Asia pilot cities, Makassar and Palembang. They are currently on the stage of discussing the priorities of the cities. It is expected that they can conclude the process within the next month. These sessions were held on 11 and 18 June consecutively, discussing “Adaptation Planning Based on Climate Risk and Vulnerability Assessment (CRVA),” supported by IUC Asia Technical Partner, CCROMSEAP-IPB.
City Stories
City-to-City Cooperation towards a More Circular City

Under the framework of the International Urban Cooperation (IUC) Asia project, the implementing programme of GCoM Southeast Asia, the cooperation between Malaysian cities (Petaling Jaya and Penang) with the European cities and development partners to implement the circular economy agenda was enacted. With this goal, the first step took form through the IUC Asia Stakeholder Consultation Webinars with the theme “Designing Circular Cities” conducted consecutively on 29 June and 2 July 2020 with Petaling Jaya City Council and Penang Island City Council. Read more.


Da Nang's Effort in Alleviating the Impacts of Climate Change
Da Nang City has implemented various adaptation and mitigation measures to alleviate and respond to the impacts of climate change. However, some improvements are still needed to address the next phase of bold the targets and continue climate leadership. On 20 July 2020, Da Nang organised a full day refresh training and workshop for city representatives on Climate Action Plan formulation. Supported by the CDP and UN-Habitat, the session aimed to share the general content of a CAP that will be developed vis-à-vis the existing documents/plans of the City. Read more.
Member Profile
Hang Tuah Jaya Muncipality: Setting the Precedent for an Ambitious Climate Vision

Joining Global Covenant of Mayors for Climate and Energy Southeast Asia in the early 2020, Hang Tuah Jaya has been enacting a comprehensive and ambitious climate strategy since 2012. Tackling climate change is a priority for the city, which has set ambitious short and long-term emissions reduction targets since its establishment. As stated by the President of Hang Tuah Jaya Municipal Council (HTJMC), Shadan Othman, “We committed to reduce 665,000 tCO2e  by 2030 relatively to the BAU scenario; to achieve the level of 0.072 intensity Carbon per GDP (reduction of 45%) to support national vision and commitment.” Hang Tuah Jaya also committed to support the national vision on carbon reduction by 2030 and has put the highest priority for the implementation of SDG 2030 at the local level. Read more.
What Happens in Southeast Asia: The Road to COVID-19 Recovery
Of Response and Recovery: COVID-19 Realities in East, Southeast Asia and Oceania
This region is a markedly diverse one, covering the spectrum of political governance structures and a wide range of economic development, which also determined a wide array of responses and impacts in regards to the COVID-19 outbreak.

What seems to be evident was that relying on sound science through identification of cases and contact tracing, strategic testing and early action appears to be crucial in addressing the crisis across all these diverse contexts. Read more about C40's overall commentary here.

There is no doubt that the unexpected arrival of COVID-19 shattered the global system and particularly affected the lives of the most vulnerable. As the reality of a worldwide pandemic settled in, cities have been responding swiftly to the demand of the situation; by maintaining economic stability and protecting public health while also constantly looking for improvements to boost sustainable resilience. The fact that the virus will be around in the long-term means that the world needs to prepare for the long road of recovery and adaptation. GCoM Southeast Asia’s partners have set the example to foster both support and commitment from stakeholders around the world in expediting better adjustment for people and communities during this outbreak.

UCLG ASPAC | Taking steps towards recovery, UCLG ASPAC promotes the spirit of friendship and solidarity through inter-city support, arranging donations of disposable medical masks, thermometer infrared, and various insight-sharing activities between member cities. UCLG ASPAC also continues to organise web shares to provide a platform to discuss COVID-19-related topics, such as the resource mobilisation and safety net programme, role of youth and gender equality in more inclusive and effective design of new normal, strategies and challenges in attaining SDGs during the pandemic, and many more.

IUC | Considering the situation that we currently face, IUC has been providing several resources to assist cities and enable knowledge-sharing among peers. IUC also allocates a page to lay out the resources alongside with updates from cities and IUC regions that are testing several approaches to support their communities as they face the ongoing coronavirus pandemic. The IUC is a programme, funded by the EU, aims to enable cities to link up and share solutions to common problems. It is part of a long-term strategy by the EU to foster sustainable urban development in cooperation with both the public and private sectors.

ICLEI | As the COVID-19 pandemic has been increasingly affecting the work of local governments, ICLEI have been engaging in a wide variety of efforts to share information, build networks, and provide technical support that will help local governments throughout the crisis. One of them is a collection of ICLEI’s On-Demand Webinars that highlights the local government response to COVID-19, for example: how New York City and Local 2030 are incorporating climate and sustainability goals into the recovery from the pandemic. IUC is a project, funded by the EU, that aims to enable cities to link up and share solutions to common problems. It is part of a long-term strategy by the EU to foster sustainable urban development in cooperation with both the public and private sectors.

CityNet | In view of the ongoing crisis, CityNet wishes to share information on some concrete steps and way forward from examples of various cities that may support the efforts in containing the virus and the rehabilitation once there are signs of improvements. This page serves as a reference for all actions and initiatives taken by the CityNet Secretariat to assist its members during this difficult period to tackle the COVID-19 epidemic.

C40 | C40 mayors have united to launch the Global Mayors COVID-19 Recovery Task Force to rebuild cities and economies in a way that improves public health, reduces inequality, and addresses the climate crisis. The task force has released C40 Mayors’ Agenda for a Green and Just Recovery that outlines bold steps to deliver an equitable and sustainable recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic. Alongside the agenda, Spotlight On: A Green and Just Recovery assembles expert views and ideas which underpin the agenda and presents a series of new Knowledge Hub guides covering aspects of its implementation. Download the agenda here.

UN Habitat | UN-Habitat’s Participatory Slum Upgrading Programme (PSUP) along with partner countries and in cooperation with the University Politecnico di Torino (PoliTo) in Italy, has compiled best-practice COVID-19 solutions in slums from across the world in an Interactive Project Map which provides suggestions on transferring the solutions to other countries and aims to support NGOs and political decision-makers working to mitigate the impact of COVID-19 in slums and protect the residents.
GCoM: Look Back, May - July 2020
Over 10,000 Cities Worldwide Call on All Governments for A Global Green Recovery
On the behalf of over 10,000 cities worldwide, the GCoM Board issued a statement on 3 June calling on all governments for a global green recovery, emphasising the role of cities in the effort to grow back greener, healthier, more equitable, and more resilient for the next generation.

Ministerial Dialogue with Local and Regional Governments Strengthening Coordination to Implement the Paris Agreement
On May 28, 2020, GCoM together with The Global Taskforce of Local and Regional Governments, ICLEI – Local Governments for Sustainability, United Cities and Local Governments (UCLG), UN Development Programme (UNDP), UN Environment Programme (UNEP) and UN-Habitat convened a dialogue between mayors and ministers to explore collaborative approaches to integrate regional and local emissions reduction commitments into Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) under the Paris Agreement framework.
The online dialogue brought together over 30 Mayors, Governors, Ministers, and national government representatives, and over 200 participants, resulting in several recommended actions which will be advanced in the coming months. Speakers included GCoM Board Members Mohammed Adjei Sowah, Mayor of Accra, Ghana; Mohamed Sefiani, Mayor of Chefchaouen, Morocco and William Peduto, Mayor of Pittsburgh, USA, along with GCoM’s Global Ambassador Gregor Robertson and Executive Director Amanda Eichel.

GCoM 2019 Global Aggregation Report
GCoM Impact Report 2019 revealed that cities take the most important role to address the escalating global climate crisis. More than 10,000 cities committed to the Global Covenant of Mayors have a major collective potential – and if fully realised – these city and local government actions could account for 2.3 billion tons CO2e of annual emissions reduction in 2030.
With annual emissions reduction expected to reach 4.2 billion tons CO2e in 2050, GCoM cities are showcasing the massive urban opportunity that national governments can harness to accelerate action and progress towards Paris Agreement goals – simultaneously safeguarding the health and prosperity of their citizens.

Featured Publications
The Post-COVID recovery: An agenda for resilience, development and equality analyses the impacts of the pandemic and outlines holistic recovery options based on scaling up energy transition technologies. It outlines investment opportunities, along with policies and programmes for job creation, industrial development and energy access that could form the core of national stimulus policies. The analysis draws extensively on the recent Global Renewables Outlook, released by the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) in April 2020.
The report from REN21 brings together all the latest information about renewable energy market and industry developments, policy, and investment trends. From the report it could be known that growth in renewable power has been impressive over the past five years, but too little is happening in heating, cooling, and transport. Overall, global hunger for energy keeps increasing and eats up progress. The journey towards climate disaster continues unless we make an immediate switch to efficient and renewable energy in all sectors in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic.
List of Events
  • UCLG ASPAC International Forum "Getting to  the New Normal: The Role of Local Government in Building Sustainable Communities in a post-COVID-19 World, 24 August 2020, Site
  • UCLG ASPAC Executive Bureau Meeting 2020 (Virtual), 25 August 2020, Site
  • 2020 UCLG ASPAC First Session of Executive Bureau, 21-25 September 2020 (TBC), Wellington, New Zealand, Site
  • Urban 20 Summit 2020, 30 September-2 October 2020, Riyadh - Saudi Arabia, Site
  • Daring Cities 2020: The Global Virtual Forum for Urban Leaders Taking on the Climate Emergency, 07-28 October 2020- Online, Site
  • Blended Learning Course for Local Governments: Localising Human Rights in SDGs, 5-10 October 2020, Gwangju - Republic of Korea, Site
  • TedX Countdown: Global Launch, 10 October 2020, Site
  • 8th UCLG ASPAC Congress, April 2021, Zhengzhou - China
  • ICLEI World Congress 2021, 14-17 April 2021, Malmö - Sweden, Site
  • World Cities Summit 2020 - Liveable and Sustainable Cities: Adapting to a Disrupted World, 20-24 June 2021, Singapore, Site
  • UN Climate Change Conference 2021 (COP26), 1-12 November 2021, Glasglow - United Kingdom, Site

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UCLG ASPAC · Balaikota, Jl. Medan Merdeka Selatan · Jakarta 10110 · Indonesia

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