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和富慈善基金
香港中小學品格塑造實地考察通訊(二)
Character Building in Hong Kong – Field Study
Newsletter 2

(8 May 2020)
是項研究由香港和富慈善基金資助進行。
讀者可通過此通訊了解研究的進度及最新發展。
The research is funded by Wofoo Foundation Limited, Hong Kong.
This newsletter serves to give readers an update of the progress and latest findings of the research.
香港中小學品格塑造研究採用了實地考察的方式進行,希望探討品格塑造在學校的實際施行情況,並了解那些屬有效或成效不彰的推行策略和其導致原因。參考了19所學校的考察結果,研究小組謹在這裏簡單地報告有關前兩個研究問題(RQ1和RQ2)的主要發現。其他個別研究報告的細節將在稍後發佈。

In this CB research, we adopted the field study approach to investigate how well CB is practising  at the school level, what works and what doesn’t. A sample of 19  schools were visited and below is just a brief report on the key findings regarding the first two research questions (RQ1 & RQ2). Detail with individual case study reports will be separately presented in due course.

研究發現 Key Findings at this stage

RQ1:學校推行品格塑造活動時,有甚麼關鍵要素?

在上一期的通訊已有提及,綜合19所參與研究學校的資料,每一所學校都有很長一系列的品格塑造清單,但沒有一所學校能清晰界定「品格塑造」的定義,也未能說明「品格」究竟是甚麼。學校的持分者都相信,好的品格能帶來好的結果,但大家都未能清楚說出,究竟為甚麼要培養該種良好的品格,也未能清楚說明,培養該種良好的品格可以帶來甚麼益處。學校提出一系列的品格培訓清單,是期望能培養學生多方面的正向品格;但,換句話說,在一定時間內推出多項的培養良好品格計劃,單項所得到的學校資源投入,都相當有限。由於學校要兼顧培養太多不同的良好品格,故此,得到的成效,往往並不明顯。這種渾沌模糊的現象與世界上其他地區推行品格教育工作的情況十分相若:欠缺明確的定義,兼顧過多的元素(曾有學者列舉超過200種值得在學校培養的良好品格),焦點模糊,支援不足,沒有系統化的評估機制,都是當今品格塑造必須解決的問題。

RQ1.  What are the essential elements of CB?

As reported in the last newsletter, data showed that every school had a very long list of desired student characters, but we found no clearly stated definition of what CB is and what character means. Schools believed that good character would bring good outcomes, but they were unable to tell clearly what makes a character desirable to develop, and what are the benefits these good characters would bring.  Most schools have a very long list of characters to promote, which means each element of character will receive limited input from school. The effects of CB on the many elements that schools wish to cover is likely to be minimal. This phenomenon is just as messy as the whole world’s character education literature: the lack of a clear definition, covering too many elements (researchers have listed over 200), a lack of focus, limited support, and very little evaluation.
RQ2:推行品格塑造有甚麼最佳策略/方法?

學校會用種種不同的方法培養學生品格,但我們卻未能清晰地界定哪種方法可以稱得上最佳。然而,通過觀察和訪問,我們看到,維繫良好且正面的師生關係、學生與學生之間彼此有正面的聯繫,是學生願意積極參與學校活動,願意接受品格塑造的重要因素。學校往往會用種種不同方法,例如透過海報、橫額、各種不同的活動(週會、小組活動、課外活動等等),傳遞學校重視的價值觀和良好的品格;但往往由於活動過於密集,兼且學校要顧及的良好品格又過多,品格塑造工作就很容易失去焦點,即便投入大量資源,也未必一定得到預期的效果。


RQ2.  What are the best ways to facilitate CB?

Schools are using different ways to promote character. No specific way seems to be best so far. However, from observations and interviews, it seems that maintaining positive relationships between teachers and students, and among the students themselves, is an essential factor for students to actively engage in activities and accept CB. Schools used various ways to convey values and desired characters mostly through both formal and hidden or informal curricula. Some schools run planned activities such as assemblies, group activities, extra-curricular activities, etc. so students acquire the CB elements desired. Other schools use many posters and banners to cultivate a positive atmosphere of CB where students familiarise themselves with the desired characters automatically. Because of the crowded CB activities together with the broad array of characters, CB could lose focus. Hence more seems to be less in the end because the vast input may not bring expected gains.
按目前研究所見,我們實在需要一套框架模型,促進有效的品格塑造工作,聚焦發展對整體社會和個人都有益處的良好品格。
 
考慮到我們需要一套框架模型,以促進有效的品格塑造工作,並聚焦發展對整體社會和個人都有益處的良好品格,我們提出一個「品格塑造概念圖(和富品格概念)」如下:
上述概念圖可否幫助我們更清楚了解品格塑造的概念及令到品格塑造在校實踐的工作推行得更好?

The finding so far indicates we need a model for effective CB processes to as to bring focused benefits to individuals and society. 
 
In view of the need for a model to facilitate CB processes to bring focused benefits, we propose a Wofoo Model of Character Building
 
Could this model help us understand the concept and make the character building process work better?
研究團隊會不斷更新研究成果,有興趣的讀者請密切注意下期出版。
The research team will keep updating the reader with new information as we progress.
So watch out for the next issue soon.
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