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Message from Victoria Korley, Program Director for the Division of Cardiology:

It is an exciting time to be the Program Director for the Adult Cardiology Residency Training Program. First, I would like to thank Dr. Eric Yu for his many years of developing an excellent Adult Cardiology Residency Training Program which I now have the honour of leading. We will be transitioning to the Competence By Design model of education in July 2020 with various piloting projects scheduled for the fall of 2019.  Concurrently, we will have a full Royal College Accreditation process in the fall of 2019. While all these transitions will have some challenges, I am confident that our exceptional educational team led by our hospital site leads, Dr. Shaheeda Ahmed (Sunnybrook), Dr. John Janevski (UHN), and Dr. Abdul Al-Hesayen (SMH), will rise to the increased demands of Competence By Design. I hope that our trainees will benefit from all the upcoming personal mentoring and frequent ongoing feedback. To enable a smooth transition, we planned an educational retreat for the weekend of May 31 with broad university representation. In addition, a new research mentoring team led by Dr. Shaun Goodman has already engaged most of the residents to support their research endeavours. Last, but not least, I must acknowledge our outstanding, hard-working cardiology residents who tirelessly care for our patients with exceptional professionalism. It is inspiring to watch their progression into competent specialty consultants and we wish our graduating C3s every success in their chosen fellowships.

Have a wonderful summer!

Victoria Korley
Cardiology Program Director

Education

 

Looking Back with Thanks – 
Dr. Eric Yu and Ms. Anna Arruda

On behalf of the Division, we would like to recognize the enormous contributions in education to the Cardiology Training Program made by Dr. Eric Yu and Anna Arruda. Eric served as program director for our training program for 16 years. During his tenure, the program has dramatically changed from a hospital-based program to a university-based program. Dr. Yu initiated the CORE lecture series in 2003, which continues to this day. Thanks to Dr. Yu, the University of Toronto hosts a rigorous 3-year curriculum, which is emulated by multiple Canadian universities. The in-training practice examination is another initiative that provides our residents fantastic preparation for their exams and wonderful opportunities for collaboration between the Clinician Teachers in the Division. The program has been held in high regard as an extremely strong educational experience by trainees and the Royal College. The Royal College has given the program stamps of approval on 2 external reviews with no significant weaknesses, with the repeated use of the word, ‘pioneering’ at the last review. Eric continues to serve the education mission of the Department of Medicine in his role at the Post Graduate Medical Education Office as the lead for PGY-4 and PGY-5 subspecialty training. Anna was also nominated this year for the PGME Positive Achievement & Appreciation Certificate (PAAC) Award.

C3 Graduation

Every year, we launch a new class of graduating cardiologists. These young colleagues have spent at least 3 years with our program, and I am always amazed at how well trained and professional they are. We are indebted to them for their hard work on behalf of our hospitals, the care they give to our patients, and the very high standard they bring to the University of Toronto.

Victoria Korley and I asked them to tell us a little if they could about their immediate plans and to pass along any messages or words of wisdom.  Please join me in wishing them well for the next chapter of their lives.  -Susanna
 “I am pursuing further training through an Advanced Heart Failure and Transplant Fellowship at Toronto General Hospital.  I am excited to start this next chapter in my training. Thank you to all of the dedicated faculty and administrative staff that have provided support, teaching and mentorship throughout my training in Toronto.” -Jennifer Amadio
 
“Proud to graduate from UofT with a solid general cardiology background having been exposed to the full range of cardiac pathologies. Many thanks to the mentors and teachers along the way, which made the program! Look forward to the next chapter of electrophysiology subspecialty at the London Health Sciences Centre at the University of Western Ontario.” -William K. Chan, PGY6 Cardiology Resident
 
“I will be starting my heart failure/transplant fellowship at TGH in July.  Thank you to everyone who has taught and mentored me during my cardiology residency. It has been a wonderful three years learning from and working with all of you.” Barbara Doumouras
 
"I will be starting my interventional cardiology fellowship at Sunnybrook next year. I would characterize my cardiology residency at UofT as an exciting period of my life where I grew immensely as a person, a physician, and an innovator for medical technology." – Brian Li (2019 Winner, Ursula Bangs Research Day)
 
It's sad that my Cardiology residency is coming to an end as it was an incredible learning experience working with some of the most amazing people in Cardiology, but more importantly I had a lot of fun! I won't be going far as I will be continuing my journey as an Interventional Cardiology fellow at Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre. - Vincent Siu
 
I will be graduating from the Adult Cardiology program at the University of Toronto and embarking on a fellowship in Electrophysiology at Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre. It has been an honour to do my cardiology training in Toronto. I have worked with, and been inspired by so many mentors over the three years at all three sites. Beyond the translation of cardiology knowledge, they have helped me learn the type of physician I wish to become in practice.  A special thank you to my program directors Drs. Eric Yu and Victoria Korley for always seeking to make our experience as trainees even better. - Garry Thomas

Our other C3 graduates to fellowship programs are Abdulaziz Hashi (2019 Runner Up, Ursula Bangs Research Day): Echocardiography - University of Western Ontario, Ahmed Al-Riyami: Interventional Cardiology St. Michael’s Hospital and Edison Wang: Echocardiography – Sunnybrook.

Education Award Winners

Department of Medicine/Division of Cardiology, 2018-2019


Dr. Shaheeda Ahmed, Sunnybrook Hospital:
The Douglas Wigle Award for Outstanding Cardiology Resident Teaching


Dr. Sean Balmain, Sinai Health System/University Health Network:
The Robert Chisholm Award for Outstanding Cardiology Fellow Teaching



Dr. Peter Seidelin
: Department of Medicine Teacher of the Year

 

Hospital Site Teaching Awards, 2018-2019

Sunnybrook:
Shaheeda Ahmed: 2018 Department of Medicine Award for Continuing Education, 2018 Teaching Excellence Award, Department of Medicine

St. Michael’s Hospital:
Akshay Bagai: Casella Teaching Award 2019, Outstanding Contributions to Resident Education
Shaun Goodman: Teaching Excellence Award 2019 Department of Medicine, for teaching undergraduate medical school curriculum and the SMH Department of Medicine Outstanding Postgraduate Teaching Award.  
Howard Leong-Poi: Michael Ward Mentorship Award 2019
Iqwal Mangat: Award for Outstanding Postgraduate Teaching 2018-2019

University Health Network/Sinai Health System:
Rafa Alonso-Gonzalez: Wightman-Berris Award Undergraduate Education
Caroline Chessex: Wightman-Berris Award Undergraduate Education
Peter Seidelin: Wightman-Berris Award Undergraduate Education
Sean Balmain: Wightman-Berris Award Outstanding Post Graduate Teaching
Patrick Lawler: UHN/SHS Excellence in Teaching Award New Faculty
Gillian Nesbitt: UHN/SHS Excellent in Teaching Award, Postgraduate
Jeremy Kobulnik: Early Faculty Award for Quality Improvement



2019 Divisional Retreat
At beautiful Lake Rousseau, many of our Division gathered to discuss implementation of Competence By Design and the changes in resident education. It was an opportunity to spend time with colleagues and their families and renew our dedication to our training program. Many thanks to our special guests, Dr. Martin Schreiber and Dr. Jeannette Goguen, education leaders in the Department of Medicine, for the wisdom and guidance they gave us as we take on this challenge.


THANK YOUs

The annual Cardiology Resident In-Training Exam is a vital part of our residency program. Thanks to the many teachers who help our Program Director put this effort together – this year, Shaheeda Ahmed, Abdul Al-Hesayen, Hani Amad, Sean Balmain, John Janevski, Ching Lau, Iqwal Mangat, Krish Nair, and Gillian Nesbitt.
 
I would also like to personally thank Jeremy Edwards (SMH) and Mike Mcdonald (MSH) for heading up the Foundations Pre-Clerkship Curriculum. This is an intense four-week core cardiovascular teaching block for our undergraduate medical school. Jeremy and Mike supervised the complete overhaul of the cardiovascular curriculum. Mike is stepping down this year. We welcome Hani Amad (UHN) who will join Jeremy in continuing to implement the Foundations Curriculum. I would also like to thank Arnold Pinter for his dedication to the ECG seminars. – Susanna

Dr. Paul Dorian Cardiology Resident Research and Education Award


A sincere thank you to everyone who has contributed to the Dr. Paul Dorian Cardiology Resident Research and Education Award. So far we have raised more than $9,000 towards this award. This fund is our opportunity as a division to recognize the tremendous work that Dr. Dorian has done for Cardiology in his tenure as DDD, and to pay it forward to support city-wide education for our cardiology residents and the faculty members committed to learning opportunities within and across our academic hospitals. I am encouraging all faculty to consider donating $1,200; the equivalent of $100 per year for the 12 years that Paul has served as DDD. A gift of $1,200 can be made one-time or annually for a period of up to 5 years. Gifts can be made directly here. - Susanna

Announcements


The Division of Cardiology celebrates the promotion to Full Professor Dr. Eugene Crystal, Sunnybrook Hospital and Dr. Andre Yan, St. Michael's Hospital. 

Dr. Eugene Crystal

Dr. Eugene Crystal joined the Schulich Heart Centre in 2003.  He is Director, Arrhythmia Services and Associate Professor of Medicine in the Department of Medicine.  He also serves as an Associate Scientist at Sunnybrook Research Institute, and the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St Michael Hospital.  He is a President of Society Cardiac Remote Navigation of Americas (SCRN-A), and President-Elect of Global SCRN.  (SCRN is a society of cardiologists, engineers, and scientists developing robotics in ablation).  He is a Chair of the National Ablation Committee (Canadian Heart Rhythm Society) and Board Member, Ontario Association of Cardiologists.
His research interests are in ablation strategies for various cardiac arrhythmia, and in development of robotics and automation in ablation therapy, as well as in the optimization of arrhythmia device therapies.  He authored and co-authored over 200 peer-reviewed manuscripts in clinical and experimental cardiology.  He holds numerous patents in the field of cardiology.
 
Currently, he is a Principal Investigator of DxAF trial (AF in ICD patients) and SPARTAC trial (sham ablation trial in SVT).  Dr. Crystal is a member of over 15 scientific committees of international Cardiac Electrophysiology congresses and a reviewer for numerous journals in the field of cardiovascular medicine.
 
Dr. Crystal is the Chairman and Founder of the Winter Arrhythmia School, the largest Arrhythmia CME in Canada.  He is also a founding member of the European Cardiac Arrhythmia Society.  Dr. Crystal is co-appointed as Cardiologist/Electrophysiologist at Women's College Hospital.
 

Dr. Andrew T. Yan

Dr. Andrew Yan received his medical degree and his postgraduate training in internal medicine and cardiology at the University of Toronto.  As the recipient of a Canadian Institute of Health Research fellowship award, he completed a 2-year clinical research fellowship in cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at the Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, USA.  He is a member of the Division of Cardiology at St. Michael’s Hospital and is an Associate Professor of Medicine at the University of Toronto. He was the recipient of the New Investigator Award from the Heart and Stroke Foundation, and his work has been supported by the Heart and Stroke Foundation and the Canadian Institutes of Health Research.
His research interests include clinical registries and clinical trials, risk stratification and treatment patterns in acute coronary syndromes, and novel applications of cardiac MRI in clinical practice and research. He is cross-appointed to the Department of Medical Imaging at the University of Toronto.

We also celebrate the promotion of the following members to Associate Professor: Sacha Bhatia (Women’s College), Michael Kutryk (St. Michaels), Sheldon Singh (Sunnybrook), Jay Udell (Women’s College) Shaheeda Ahmed (Sunnybrook).
Contributors to this edition of the newsletter were Victoria Korley, Paul Dorian, Liz Pimentel, Shaun Goodman, Shaheeda Ahmed, Abdul Al-Hesayen. 

Research

 

The Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada has announced:

Dr. Wendy Tsang (UHN): National New Investigator Salary Support Award 4 years, Can $260,000
Dr. Kumaraswamy Nanthakumar (UNH): Mid-Career Investigator Award, 4 years Can $320,000
Dr. Carolina Alba (UHN): Physician intuition versus model predicted prognosis in heart failure Can $297,700
 

Publication Highlights

April to June 2019

  1. Comparison of Ajmaline and Procainamide Provocation Tests in the Diagnosis of Brugada Syndrome.Cheung CC, Mellor G, Deyell MW, Ensam B, Batchvarov V, Papadakis M, Roberts JD, Leather R, Sanatani S, Healey JS, Chauhan VS, Birnie DH, Champagne J, Angaran P, Klein GJ, Yee R, Simpson CS, Talajic M, Gardner M, Yeung-Lai-Wah JA, Chakrabarti S, Laksman ZW, Sharma S, Behr ER, Krahn AD. JACC Clin Electrophysiol. 2019 Apr;5(4):504-512. doi: 10.1016/j.jacep.2019.01.026. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

  2. Hearts Donated After Circulatory Death and Reconditioned Using Normothermic Regional Perfusion Can Be Successfully Transplanted Following an Extended Period of Static Storage. Ribeiro RVP, Alvarez JS, Yu F, Paradiso E, Adamson MB, Maria Ruggeri G, Fukunaga N, Bissoondath V, Serrick C, Meineri M, Ross H, Rao V, Badiwala MV. Circ Heart Fail. 2019 Apr;12(4):e005364. doi: 10.1161/CIRCHEARTFAILURE.118.005364.
     
  3. Clopidogrel Pharmacogenetics. Pereira NL, Rihal CS, So DYF, Rosenberg Y, Lennon RJ, Mathew V, Goodman SG, Weinshilboum RM, Wang L, Baudhuin LM, Lerman A, Hasan A, Iturriaga E, Fu YP, Geller N, Bailey K, Farkouh ME.Circ Cardiovasc Interv. 2019 Apr;12(4):e007811. doi: 10.1161/CIRCINTERVENTIONS.119.007811.

  4. All-cause mortality and survival in adults with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome. Van L, Heung T, Graffi J, Ng E, Malecki S, Van Mil S, Boot E, Corral M, Chow EWC, Hodgkinson KA, Silversides C, Bassett AS. Genet Med. 2019 Apr 5. doi: 10.1038/s41436-019-0509-y. [Epub ahead of print]

  5. Left Ventricular Noncompaction: Phenotype in an Integrated Model of Cardiomyopathy? Oechslin E, Klaassen S. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2019 Apr 9;73(13):1612-1615. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2018.11.064. No abstract available.
     
  6. Sex And Prognostic Significance of Self-Reported Frailty in Non-ST-Segment Elevation Acute Coronary Syndromes: Insights From the TRILOGY ACS Trial. Kaul P, Alexander KP, Ohman EM, Savu A, Roe MT, Goodman SG, Fox KA, White HD, Prabhakaran D, Hochman JS, Clemmensen P, Armstrong PW Can J Cardiol. 2019 Apr;35(4):430-437. doi: 10.1016/j.cjca.2018.12.035. Epub 2018 Dec 31.

  7. Congenital Aortic Arch Anomalies: Lessons Learned and to Learn! Guron N, Oechslin E. Can J Cardiol. 2019 Apr;35(4):373-375. doi: 10.1016/j.cjca.2019.01.011. Epub 2019 Jan 30. No abstract available.
     
  8. Response by Wilde and Gollob to Letter Regarding Article, "Reappraisal of Reported Genes for Sudden Arrhythmic Death: Evidence-Based Evaluation of Gene Validity for Brugada Syndrome". Wilde AAM, Gollob MH. Circulation. 2019 Apr 2;139(14):1760-1761. doi: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.119.039065. No abstract available.

  9. Computed Tomography-Based Indexed Aortic Annulus Size to Predict Prosthesis-Patient Mismatch. Head SJ, Reardon MJ, Deeb GM, Van Mieghem NM, Popma JJ, Gleason TG, Williams MR, Radhakrishnan S, Fremes S, Oh JK, Chang Y, Boulware MJ, Kappetein AP. Circ Cardiovasc Interv. 2019 Apr;12(4):e007396. doi: 10.1161/CIRCINTERVENTIONS.118.007396

  10. Outcomes matter but processes may matter more in valve procurement. Tam DY, Wijeysundera HC, Fremes SE. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2019 Apr;157(4):e201-e202. doi: 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2018.10.105. No abstract available.

  11. Antithrombotic Therapy after Acute Coronary Syndrome or PCI in Atrial Fibrillation. Lopes RD, Heizer G, Aronson R, Vora AN, Massaro T, Mehran R, Goodman SG, Windecker S, Darius H, Li J, Averkov O, Bahit MC, Berwanger O, Budaj A, Hijazi Z, Parkhomenko A, Sinnaeve P, Storey RF, Thiele H, Vinereanu D, Granger CB, Alexander JH; AUGUSTUS Investigators. N Engl J Med. 2019 Apr 18;380(16):1509-1524. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1817083. Epub 2019 Mar 17.

  12. A meta-analysis that helps clarify the use of automated office blood pressure in clinical practice. Myers MG. J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2019 Apr;21(4):460-462. doi: 10.1111/jch.13511. Epub 2019 Mar 4. No abstract available

  13. Imaging-Specific Cardiomyopathies: A Practical Guide. Rankin K, Thampinathan B, Thavendiranathan P. Heart Fail Clin. 2019 Apr;15(2):275-295. doi: 10.1016/j.hfc.2018.12.007. Review.

  14. Heart or heart-lung transplantation for patients with congenital heart disease in England. Dimopoulos K, Muthiah K, Alonso-Gonzalez R, Banner NR, Wort SJ, Swan L, Constantine AH, Gatzoulis MA, Diller GP, Kempny A. Heart. 2019 Apr;105(8):596-602. doi: 10.1136/heartjnl-2018-313984. Epub 2019 Jan 12.

  15. Increases in Serum Autoantibodies After Left Ventricular Assist Device Implantation. Grosman-Rimon L, Ajrawat P, Lioe J, Tumiati LC, Rao V, Billia F, Chruscinski A. J Card Fail. 2019 Apr;25(4):301-306. doi: 10.1016/j.cardfail.2019.01.002. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

  16. Transfemoral mitral valve-in-valve implantation for prosthetic mitral regurgitation. Gandhi S, Eckstein J, Fam N, Edwards J, Connelly K.
    Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging. 2019 Apr 1;20(4):485. doi: 10.1093/ehjci/jey205. No abstract available.
     
  17. Myeloid angiogenic cells exhibit impaired migration, reduced expression of endothelial markers, and increased apoptosis in idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension. Zhang Q, Zucco L, Toshner M, Morrell NW, Granton J, Stewart DJ, Kutryk MJB.
    Can J Physiol Pharmacol. 2019 Apr;97(4):306-312. doi: 10.1139/cjpp-2018-0424. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

  18. Cardiac effects of CPAP treatment in patients with obstructive sleep apnea and atrial fibrillation.Abumuamar AM, Newman D, Dorian P, Shapiro CM. J Interv Card Electrophysiol. 2019 Apr;54(3):289-297. doi: 10.1007/s10840-018-0482-4. Epub 2018 Nov 10.

  19. Morphine and Ticagrelor Interaction in Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction: ATLANTIC-Morphine. Lapostolle F, Van't Hof AW, Hamm CW, Stibbe O, Ecollan P, Collet JP, Silvain J, Lassen JF, Heutz WMJM, Bolognese L, Cantor WJ, Cequier A, Chettibi M, Goodman SG, Hammett CJ, Huber K, Janzon M, Merkely B, Storey RF, Ten Berg J, Zeymer U, Licour M, Tsatsaris A, Montalescot G; ATLANTIC Investigators. Am J Cardiovasc Drugs. 2019 Apr;19(2):173-183. doi: 10.1007/s40256-018-0305-0.

  20. Antimalarial-induced Cardiomyopathy in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: As Rare as Considered? Tselios K, Deeb M, Gladman DD, Harvey P, Akhtari S, Mak S, Butany J, Urowitz MB. J Rheumatol. 2019 Apr;46(4):391-396. doi: 10.3899/jrheum.180124. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

  21. Haploinsufficiency of vascular endothelial growth factor related signaling genes is associated with tetralogy of Fallot. Reuter MS, Jobling R, Chaturvedi RR, Manshaei R, Costain G, Heung T, Curtis M, Hosseini SM, Liston E, Lowther C, Oechslin E, Sticht H, Thiruvahindrapuram B, Mil SV, Wald RM, Walker S, Marshall CR, Silversides CK, Scherer SW, Kim RH, Bassett AS. Genet Med. 2019 Apr;21(4):1001-1007. doi: 10.1038/s41436-018-0260-9. Epub 2018 Sep 20.

  22. Left Atrial Remodeling Assessed by Cardiac MRI after Conversion from Conventional Hemodialysis to In-Centre Nocturnal Hemodialysis. Law TK, Wald R, Goldstein M, Karur GR, Ng MY, Wang AYM, Deva DP, Kirpalani A, Wald RM, Kiaii M, Leipsic J, Connelly KA, Yan AT. J Nephrol. 2019 Apr;32(2):273-281. doi: 10.1007/s40620-018-0522-2. Epub 2018 Aug 24.

  23. Left ventricular strain analysis using cardiac magnetic resonance imaging in patients undergoing in-centre nocturnal haemodialysis.Ong JP, Wald R, Goldstein MB, Leipsic J, Kiaii M, Deva DP, Kirpalani A, Jimenez-Juan L, Bello O, Azizi PM, Wald RM, Wright GA, Harel Z, Connelly KA, Yan AT. Nephrology (Carlton). 2019 May;24(5):557-563. doi: 10.1111/nep.13404

  24. Clinical impact and predictors of complete ST segment resolution after primary percutaneous coronary intervention: A subanalysis of the ATLANTIC Trial. Fabris E, van 't Hof A, Hamm CW, Lapostolle F, Lassen JF, Goodman SG, Ten Berg JM, Bolognese L, Cequier A, Chettibi M, Hammett CJ, Huber K, Janzon M, Merkely B, Storey RF, Zeymer U, Cantor WJ, Tsatsaris A, Kerneis M, Diallo A, Vicaut E, Montalescot G. Eur Heart J Acute Cardiovasc Care. 2019 Apr;8(3):208-217. doi: 10.1177/2048872617727722. Epub 2017 Aug 25.

  25. Global lessons for quality care: a tale of two countries. Lee EY, Yan AT. Heart. 2019 Jun;105(11):812-813. doi: 10.1136/heartjnl-2018-314624. Epub 2019 Feb 7. No abstract available.

  26. International survey of patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention and their attitudes toward pharmacogenetic testing. Pereira NL, So D, Bae JH, Chavez I, Jeong MH, Kim SW, Madan M, Graham J, O'Cochlain F, Pauley N, Lennon RJ, Bailey K, Hasan A, Baudhuin LM, Bell MR, Lerman A, Goodman S, Mathew V, Farkouh M, Rihal CS. Pharmacogenet Genomics. 2019 Jun;29(4):76-83. doi: 10.1097/FPC.0000000000000368.

  27. Atopic dermatitis and cardiovascular disease: What are the clinical implications? Drucker AM, Harvey PJ. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2019 May;143(5):1736-1738. doi: 10.1016/j.jaci.2019.01.008. Epub 2019 Jan 22. No abstract available.

  28. The Ross procedure versus mechanical aortic valve replacement in young patients: a decision analysis. Tam DY, Wijeysundera HC, Ouzounian M, Fremes SE. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2019 Jun 1;55(6):1180-1186. doi: 10.1093/ejcts/ezy414.

  29. Right ventricular fibrosis is associated with cardiac remodelling after pulmonary valve replacement. Yamamura K, Yuen D, Hickey EJ, He X, Chaturvedi RR, Friedberg MK, Grosse-Wortmann L, Hanneman K, Billia F, Farkouh ME, Wald RM. Heart. 2019 Jun;105(11):855-863. doi: 10.1136/heartjnl-2018-313961. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

  30. Left ventricular strain analysis using cardiac magnetic resonance imaging in patients undergoing in-centre nocturnal haemodialysis. Ong JP, Wald R, Goldstein MB, Leipsic J, Kiaii M, Deva DP, Kirpalani A, Jimenez-Juan L, Bello O, Azizi PM, Wald RM, Wright GA, Harel Z, Connelly KA, Yan AT. Nephrology (Carlton). 2019 May;24(5):557-563. doi: 10.1111/nep.13404.


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